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Famous Austrians

Who doesn't know them, Austria's 'great' sons and daughters? They have left their mark all across the centuries in politics, art, science and sport. Find out which famous personalities originated from the country at the heart of Europe, or chose it as the center of their life and creative work.

Famous Austrians

Ingeborg Bachmann © sueddeutsche.de Ingeborg Bachmann © sueddeutsche.de

Bachmann, Ingeborg (1926 - 1973)

The novelist, poet and playwright Ingeborg Bachmann has been recognized as one of post-1945's most important German writers.
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Alban Berg © hilobrow.com Alban Berg © hilobrow.com

Berg, Alban (1885 - 1935)

Austrian composer Alban Berg was a member of the Second Viennese School with Arnold Schönberg and Anton Webern. He produced compositions that combined Mahlerian Romanticism with a personal adaptation of Schönberg's twelve-tone technique.
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Werner Berg Museum Bleiburg: Sculptures by Harald Scheicher © Werner Berg Museum Werner Berg Museum Bleiburg: Sculptures by Harald Scheicher © Werner Berg Museum

Berg, Werner (1904 - 1981)

German-born painter Werner Berg was bewitched by the austere beauty of Austria's southern Carinthia, the picturesque villages and quaint farmhouses, the barren high Alpine meadows, the luscious orchards down in the valley, and the hospitality and friendliness of the people.
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Anton Bruckner © Österreich Werbung/Trumler Anton Bruckner © Österreich Werbung/Trumler

Bruckner, Anton (1824 - 1896)

Anton Bruckner was an Austrian composer known for his symphonies, masses and motets.
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Gottfried von Einem © aeiou.at Gottfried von Einem © aeiou.at

Einem, Gottfried von (1918 - 1996)

Gottfried von Einem is one of the few Austrian composers of the 20th century to gain worldwide renown, although he cannot be classified as belonging to any particular school or movement. He is known chiefly for his operas influenced by the music of Stravinsky, Prokofiev and jazz, but he also composed pieces for piano, violin and organ.
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Sigmund Freud © www.life.com Sigmund Freud © www.life.com

Freud, Sigmund (1856 - 1939)

Freud is bound to be mentioned sooner or later whenever psychology is discussed. Even when his name is not cited, his ideas and terminology are frequently referred to, often without realizing their origins are owed to his work. Terms such as "Oedipus Complex" and "repression", for example, are classified as general knowledge nowadays.
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Peter Handke © nzz.ch Peter Handke © nzz.ch

Handke, Peter (born 1942)

The avant-garde Austrian playwright, novelist, poet and essayist Peter Handke is regarded as one of the most influential German-language writers of our time.
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Haydn Portrait © Österreich Werbung Haydn Portrait © Österreich Werbung

Haydn, Joseph (1732 - 1809)

The father of the Viennese Classic, Franz Joseph Haydn, was not born in Vienna, but in the village of Rohrau in the eastern part of Lower Austria on 31st March 1732
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Friedensreich Hundertwasser © Hundertwasser Archiv, Wien Friedensreich Hundertwasser © Hundertwasser Archiv, Wien

Hundertwasser, Friedensreich (1928 - 2000)

Friedensreich Hundertwasser was one of Austria’s most famous avant-garde artists. His artworks reflect his philosophy, which is based on a harmonious interaction between nature and man.
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Emmerich Kálmán © aeiou.at Emmerich Kálmán © aeiou.at

Kálmán, Emmerich (1882 - 1953)

Although Hungarian by birth (Siófok, October 24, 1882), Emmerich Kálmán is one of the great representatives of the Viennese operetta.
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Angelika Kauffmann Museum © Adolf Bereuter Angelika Kauffmann Museum © Adolf Bereuter

Kauffmann, Angelika (1741 - 1807)

During the transitional period between the Baroque and the Neo-classical Ages, the Austrian province of Vorarlberg produced a painter - Angelika Kauffmann - who was to achieve both fame and popularity far beyond the borders of her homeland.
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Belvedere Vienna, Klimt Collection © Belvedere Vienna/ Ian Ehm Belvedere Vienna, Klimt Collection © Belvedere Vienna/ Ian Ehm

Klimt, Gustav (1862 - 1918)

The painter Gustav Klimt was born on 14th July 1862 in Baumgarten, a part of today's 14th district in Vienna. He is considered the main figure of Austria’s Art Nouveau.
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Kiki Kogelnik © derstandard.at Kiki Kogelnik © derstandard.at

Kogelnik, Kiki (1935 - 1997)

Kiki Kogelnik was an Austrian painter, sculptor and printmaker. She studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna, moved to New York in 1961, and is considered to be Austria's most important Pop-related artist.
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Anton Kolig © aeiou.at Anton Kolig © aeiou.at

Kolig, Anton (1886 - 1950)

Anton Kolig was born in Nötsch im Gailtal, belonging to the province of Carinthia. He was an Austrian expressionist painter whose works were full of power and tenderness.
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Lavanthaus Museum Wolfsberg © Museum im Lavanthaus Lavanthaus Museum Wolfsberg © Museum im Lavanthaus

Lavant, Christine (1915 - 1973)

Christine Lavant who was born in Carinthia was an Austrian poet and novelist. Lavant made her breakthrough with her collection of poems "The Beggar's Bowl" in 1956.
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Franz Lehár Memorial Vienna © Österreich Werbung/Diejun Franz Lehár Memorial Vienna © Österreich Werbung/Diejun

Lehár, Franz (1870 - 1948)

Franz Lehár was an Austro-Hungarian composer. He is known for his operettas of which the most successful and best known is "The Merry Widow" (Die lustige Witwe).
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Mahler, Gustav (1860 - 1911)

Gustav Mahler was born into a poor Jewish family in the town of Kalište in Bohemia on 7th July 1860. Mahler's considerable musical talents, which he employed both as composer and conductor, were surpassed only by his ambition.
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Mozart Memorial Burggarten Vienna © Österreich Werbung/Wiesenhofer Mozart Memorial Burggarten Vienna © Österreich Werbung/Wiesenhofer

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (1756 - 1791)

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - one of the greatest composers of all times. He created his own distinct style, blending traditional and contemporary.
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Robert Musil  © musilmuseum.at Robert Musil © musilmuseum.at

Musil, Robert (1880 - 1942)

Robert Musil was an Austrian writer. His unfinished long novel "The Man Without Qualities" is one of the most important modernist novels.
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Arnold Schönberg © Arnold Schönberg Center Arnold Schönberg © Arnold Schönberg Center

Schönberg, Arnold (1874 - 1951)

Arnold Schoenberg was an Austrian composer and painter, associated with the expressionist movement in German poetry and art, and leader of the Second Viennese School.
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Robert Stolz © lastfm.de Robert Stolz © lastfm.de

Stolz, Robert (1880 - 1975)

Robert Stolz was an Austrian conductor and songwriter as well as a composer of operettas and film music.
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Johann Strauss Memorial Vienna © Österreich Werbung, Mayer Johann Strauss Memorial Vienna © Österreich Werbung, Mayer

Strauß, Johann (1825 - 1899)

Johann Strauss II was an Austrian composer of light music, particularly dance music and operettas. He composed over 500 waltzes, polkas, quadrilles and other types of dance music, as well as several operettas and a ballet. In his lifetime, he was known as "The Waltz King.
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Johann Strauss Senior Memorial Vienna © Österreich Werbung/Diejun Johann Strauss Senior Memorial Vienna © Österreich Werbung/Diejun

Strauß, Johann - Father (1804 - 1849)

Johann Strauss I was born in Vienna. He was an Austrian Romantic composer and was famed for his waltzes. His most famous piece is the Radetzky March (named after Joseph Radetzky von Radetz), while his most famous waltz is probably the Lorelei Rheinklänge, Op. 154.
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Franz von Suppé © wikipedia.org Franz von Suppé © wikipedia.org

Suppé, Franz von (1819 - 1895)

Franz von Suppé or Francesco Suppé Demelli was an Austrian composer and conductor of the Romantic period, notable for his four dozen operettas.
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Peter Turrini © kleinezeitung.at Peter Turrini © kleinezeitung.at

Turrini, Peter (born 1944)

Peter Turrini is an Austrian leftist playwright and was born in Carinthia. He has been writing since 1971, when his play Rozznjogd premiered at the Volkstheater in Vienna. Turrini has written plays, screenplays, poems and essays.
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Postsparkasse Vienna © Österreich Werbung / Kneidinger Postsparkasse Vienna © Österreich Werbung / Kneidinger

Wagner, Otto (1841-1918)

Otto Koloman Wagner was an Austrian architect and urban planner. He is known for his lasting impact on the appearance of his home town Vienna, to which he contributed many landmarks.
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Anton von Webern © at.altermedia.info Anton von Webern © at.altermedia.info

Webern, Anton von (1883 - 1945)

Anton Webern was an Austrian composer and conductor. As a student and follower of Arnold Schönberg, he became one of the best-known exponents of the twelve-tone technique. In addition, his innovations regarding schematic organization of pitch, rhythm and dynamics were formative in the musical technique later known as total serialism.
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Hugo Wolf Portrait © Österreich Werbung / Trumler Hugo Wolf Portrait © Österreich Werbung / Trumler

Wolf, Hugo (1860 - 1903)

Hugo Wolf was an Austrian composer of Slovene origin, particularly noted for his art songs. He brought to this form a concentrated expressive intensity unique in late Romantic music, somewhat related to that of the Second Viennese School in concision, but utterly unrelated in technique.
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Franz Liszt Centre in Raiding © Ulrich Schwarz Franz Liszt Centre in Raiding © Ulrich Schwarz

Musical Visionary

As a pianist and composer, Franz Liszt broke all conventions of the time, often drawing on one or more themes from familiar operas and using them as the basis for brilliant piano fantasies.
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Otto Wagner Church © Österreich Werbung/Popp-Hackner Otto Wagner Church © Österreich Werbung/Popp-Hackner

Gustav Klimt and Jugendstil

Jugendstil was one of the greatest international phenomena in the history of art and culture, which at the beginning of Modernism was aimed at the renewal of the entrenched, paralyzed art of the time.
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Franz Schubert © Österreich Werbung/Trumler Franz Schubert © Österreich Werbung/Trumler

Schubert, Franz (1797 - 1828)

Franz Schubert was a Viennese composer, who composed his first pieces in his childhood.
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