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Vienna: Haydn for Experts

Haydn experts will identify traces of the great composer across Vienna, from Esterházy Palace to Empress Maria Theresia's memorial.
Esterházy Palace
As the vice kapellmeister of Paul Anton Count Esterházy from 1st May 1761, Haydn performed, among others, the symphonies 6, 7 and 8 at Esterházy Palace. Distinguished guests used to frequent the palace, and in September 1800, for instance, the English Admiral Horatio Nelson visited together with his mistress Emma and her husband Sir William Hamilton - a love triangle which gave rise to gossip and stories.

Austrian Academy of Sciences
In 1808, Joseph Haydn celebrated his 76th birthday in the auditorium of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. All the big names were there to pay tribute to the great master, including Haydn’s former pupil Beethoven. Decked out with decorations and medals and accompanied by the cheers of the audience, the old man was carried in on a chair to listen to a performance of his oratorio "The Creation". This was the composer’s last public appearance.

Church of the Brothers of Mercy
There is a memorial plaque to Haydn at Vienna's Church of the Brothers of Mercy, Taborststraße 16. He worked as a church organist here from 1755 to 1758 for an annual pay of 60 guilders - a substantial income in those lean years.

Gumpendorf Church
A plaque with a bronze relief designed by the sculptor Robert Ullmann reminds of the consecration of Joseph Haydn’s body at Gumpendorf Church, Gumpendorfer Straße 109 on 1st June 1809.

Empress Maria Theresia's Memorial
The memorial of Empress Maria Theresia, designed by Kaspar Zumbusch in 1888, is on Maria-Theresien-Platz square, flanked by the Kunsthistorisches Museum and the Naturhistorisches Museum. The monument shows the Empress surrounded by major personages of her day: counselors, field marshals, her physician van Swieten, generals and illustrious figures from the fields of politics, economics and the arts, including Haydn, Gluck and the child prodigy Mozart.

Haydn Park
Haydn’s original tombstone has been preserved at the Haydn Park in 1012 Vienna, Gaudenzdorfer Gürtel (former Hundsturmer cemetery 1783 - 1874). The Latin inscription reads “Haydn, born 1732, died 1809. Puzzle Canon for five voices. I will not die entirely. Dedicated by his pupil Neukomm who returned to Vienna in 1814.” A memorial plaque tells that Haydn’s remains were transported to the Bergkirche in Eisenstadt on 6th November 1820. Haydn’s skull was stolen a few days after his death and was finally interred in 1954 - also at the Bergkirche.
Houses where Haydn lived in the 1st district: Neuer Markt 2
Haydn lived in this house from 1792 to 1797. It was here that he created the "Emperor's Hymn". There is a commemorative plaque reminding passers-by that Haydn’s probably most famous work was composed in this building.

Seilerstätte 21
This is where Haydn moved after his employment with the Esterházy family in Eisenstadt and Hungary. After Count Nikolaus’ death the Esterházy Orchestra was broken up. Although Haydn remained an employee of the Counts of Esterházy until the end of his life he was free to move. On 14th December 1790, Haydn met his younger colleague Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart at this house.

Johannesgasse 18
When Haydn returned from England in 1792 he moved into this house in Johannesgasse, where he also met with 22-year old Ludwig van Beethoven, the most famous of his pupils.

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