Austria looks back on a long wine-growing tradition, and for over 2,000 years wine has formed an integral part of Austrian culture. Traces of viticulture can still be found today amidst the nation’s medieval villages, baroque monasteries, Roman cellars and stately castles. To this day, Austria’s wines enjoy great international acclaim, both amongst wine experts and wine lovers, and whilst the wine producers very much look back on the nation's heritage to shape their brew, they also embrace the most modern practices, which mean that the outstanding wines have gained great international acclaim on the world stage.
The country’s cool climate lends itself to ideal grape-growing conditions, with all number of international successful varieties such as Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Gelber Kuskateller (Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains), Weissburgunder (Pinot Blanc), Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Merlot and Cabernet flourishing in regional vineyards throughout the land.
Old Austrian varieties are not only grown with abandon in this country, but are also being harvested and compressed into wine with increasing popularity all over the world. The Grüner Veltliner in particular is one of these, as well as more rare varieties such as the Zierfandler, Rotgipfler, Roter Veltliner, Neuburger and Wiener Gemischter Satz, and Austria's typical red wines made from Zweigelt, Blaufränkisch and Sankt Laurent.
It’s not only the different grapes and soil that shape the character of the wines, but the character of the regions they hail from also shape the taste of the end product. There is a great deal of variety in the soil types between regions, from dense loam soils in Central Burgenland to the calcareous soils around southern parts of Vienna.
Austria’s picturesque wine-growing regions are extensive and between them cover over 46,515 hectares. Not only that, but Vienna boasts over 700 hectares of vineyards alone, making it the world’s only major wine-growing capital.
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