Vienna’s history dates back to the first post-Christian century when the Romans established the military camp Vindobona. Today’s cityscape
is characterised by the abundance of baroque buildings
created mostly under the rule of Empress Maria Theresia and Emperor Franz Joseph, who was largely responsible for the monumental architecture round the Ringstraße
, the former imperial summer residence, is one of Vienna's most popular sights. The sumptuous palace with its beautifully tended formal gardens, the Gloriette monument, Palm House and zoo
attracts hordes of visitors each year. Then there is the huge Hofburg
(Imperial Palace), which was the base of the Habsburgs for over six centuries.
The splendid baroque Belvedere Palace
today houses the Österreichische Galerie (Austrian Gallery)
, displaying the largest collection of works by Klimt
and Kokoschka, as well as famous paintings by Schiele. Vienna’s prime landmarks are the gothic Stephansdom
(St. Stephen’s Cathedral), the giant big wheel in the Prater
(Vienna’s old recreational park), and the Spanish Riding School
with its famous Lipizzaner horses. In the heart of Vienna, 200m from the State Opera
, you'll find a unique, tropical oasis - the Imperial Butterfly House
. In one of the world's most beautiful Art Noveau palm houses you can admire around 400 live, free flying butterflies
all year round. Absorb the colours and grace with which they float through the air, past waterfalls and exotic plants, in an environment as true to nature as possible.
Vienna has more museums and galleries of international reputation
than you can shake a stick at. Take, for example, the Museum of Fine Arts
with the world’s largest collection of Bruegel paintings, MuseumsQuartier
with the Leopold Museum, the Museum Moderner Kunst (Museum of Modern Art), Architekturzentrum (Architectural Center) and the Kunsthalle, all ranking among the city's most important cultural venues.
Vienna owes much of its international fame to the many celebrated composers who lived and worked here
, including Strauß
, Beethoven and Haydn
. The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
is one of the world’s best, the State Opera
amongst the leading opera houses, not to forget the famous Vienna Boys’ Choir
In Vienna, the old coffee house culture
and rustic wine taverns stand alongside top restaurants and shops, and time-honored events alternate with internationally-acclaimed extravaganzas such as the Life Ball
to create a unique and very special ambiance. All of this, plus plenty of greenspace and recreational areas
including the Wienerwald, the Prater and the Danube Island
make Vienna a very special city to visit.
When visiting Vienna, make sure you benefit from the advantages of the Vienna Card or the new Vienna PASS
Testimonial from Michael McAllister, UK:
"Arriving at the West Bahnhof after the hot train journey from Paris in a second class coach I stepped out into my dreamscape Vienna. The first morning at the Sacher Café with its newspapers in many languages rolled on rods for easy handling was like a time capsule. Over the next days, I eventually found the sublime and the spiritual. The Schönbrunn with its majestic porcelain heating stoves, the fountain and gardens. One could easily believe the swans were knights and ladies changed by a spell. Stephansdom, the Ring, and the magnificent statue of Maria Theresa and her ministers. That was the sacred moment. An elderly man stepped up beside me and, taking my elbow, guided me around the arc of the statue while telling me the great deeds and court gossip of the august personages represented. The Wienerwald, wine taverns, Kaisersgruft and riding school were all to come, but that was the top."