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    • Orchard with Roses Gustav Klimt 1912
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    グスタフ・クリムトのバラの美学

    自然の中にひらめきを見出した芸術家にクリムトを忘れてはいけません!:画家グスタフ・クリムトはユーゲントシュティールの最も重要な代表者の一人であり、ウィーン分離派の創始者の一人でした。そして、人生と自然の美しいものを愛する人でもありました。クリムトは特に、情熱の象徴であるバラの美学に魅了されていました。

    クリムトとバラ園の約束

    Klimt roses detail
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    「恋する女性と一緖なら、彼女の望むことは何でもできる。」オーストリアで最も異彩を放つ画家であり、ユーゲントシュティールの芸術家だったグスタフ・クリムトのこの引用句は、注意を引きます。クリムトは芸術、ユニークな人間性、そして社交術によって人を惹きつけることに長けていました。青い作業衣を着た画家が、どのようにして女性の心を奪っていたのかは、謎のままです。

    しかし、花の女王であるバラが、彼の作品の中だけでなく、彼の求愛にも役立ったであろうことは明らかです。どのような他の花にもまして、バラは愛と情熱を表現します - 官能性を追求したクリムトも、この法則を見逃しませんでした。

    クリムトは女性を愛し、崇拝しました。そのため、この画家は結婚することはありませんでしたが、異なる女性たちと7人の子供をもうけました。彼のミューズであったエミーリエ・フレーゲとの情熱的な恋の他に、19歳だったアルマ・シンドラー(後のマーラー=ヴェルフェル)そして、マリア・ウチキーや、マリー(ミッツィ)・ツィマーマンのような多くのモデルたちとの恋愛も知られています。クリムトは、自立した女性であった服飾デザイナー、エミーリエ・フレーゲと生涯に渡って交流を続けました。エミーリエは確かにクリムトの「人生の伴侶」だったのです。

    クリムトはエミーリエ・フレーゲのような自立した、カリスマ的で独自の考えを持った女性を崇拝しました。

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    • The rose as symbol for passion. “Der Rosengarten,“ one of the most famous nature paintings by Gustav Klimt, was created in 1912. Klimt, founding president of the groundbreaking Viennese Secession, was a gardening enthusiast. The square painting, which is privately owned, shows the garden of his refuge in the Feldmühlgasse in Vienna which was inhabited by Klimt and numerous cats. At the suggestion of one of his patrons, the “hermit of Unter St. Veit” moved there after his studio in the Josefstädter Straße 21 had been torn down. At the time, a small garden hut overlooking an impressive flower garden stood on the property that is now known as the “Klimt Villa” in today’s 13th District. Klimt was fascinated by the garden. Every year he had it replanted. He was really proud of this sea of flowers and colors, and always took new visitors on a tour of the garden before showing them his studio and his work.

    • Every year, Klimt had the garden surrounding the house in the Feldmühlgasse planted with flowers, it was a joy to arrive amid blossoms and old trees,” wrote the expressionist Egon Schiele of his fatherly friend’s creative home. The Klimt-Villa in Hietzing, whose garden house the painter used as studio and workshop during his last creative period, as well as its idyllic, 6.500 square meter (1.6 acre) garden can still be toured today. The artist preferred to paint sitting on a small wooden stool in front of his easel. His gaze was directed either towards the colorful garden or a large daybed that took up much of the room and which presumably served as prop for his models. After all, a considerable part of Klimt's OEuvre was dedicated to women. From 1921 until his death in 1918, this is where the artist created many of his most important works. More than 50 paintings were completed here, among them world-famous, strong and sensual portraits such as „Adele Bloch-Bauer II“, „Friederike Beer“, „Die Braut“ and „Adam und Eva l.”

    • Studio and garden today. What makes the architecture of the house so interesting? In the 1920s, Klimt’s studio was incorporated, largely intact, into a much bigger, picturesque villa. Much like the garden’s roses, which Klimt committed to eternity in his paintings. Right after Klimt’s sudden death in 1918, Egon Schiele immediately called for “the house including garden and furniture” to be bought and preserved in its original form.

      Unfortunately, things initially did not go according to his wishes - garden and studio were sold, expanded on, nazified, restituted and then bought by the state. After it had been used as a school and storage space, the villa fell into disrepair and the rose garden became overgrown. It was about to be demolished when it was saved through a civic initiative and revitalised by the Republic of Austria, who renovated the studio according to original plans. In 2014, the „Klimt Villa“, by then a museum run by a private company, was declared a European Cultural Heritage.

    • The garden was replanted as well: The garden’s main attraction used to be the damascene roses, which had originally been planted there around 1900. To reconstruct the garden, the so-called “Klimt-Rose” was re-bred by a Viennese gardening expert. „He grafted shoots that he took from two original plants onto wild roses. 22 of these new growths were planted during the partial reconstruction of the garden,” Baris Alakus, Director of the Klimt-Villa explained.

      Klimt's rose enchants with its soft rose color, in the artist’s paintings as well as in the Klimt Villa’s garden today. It is well known that pink roses generally symbolize “youth, beauty and infatuation” - three characteristics that make it a perfect gift at the beginning of a relationship. Which might be a useful clue in the mystery of Klimt’s success in wooing beautiful women...

    グスタフ・クリムト

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    • 生涯
      1862 - 1918
    • 住居
      ウィーン
    • お気に入りの地
      アッターゼー湖
    • 芸術
      ユーゲントシュティール&ウィーン分離派共同創設者
    • 有名な傑作
      接吻 (1908/09年)
    • 黄金時代
      芸術活動の黄金時代は1899年から1910年

    クリムトについて

    クリムトはオーストリアがこれまでに輩出した芸術家の中でも、最も異彩を放つ画家の一人でした。彼は1862年ウィーン近郊のバウムガルテンに生まれ、まず歴史画のジャンルでキャリアを積みました。その後1890年頃から次第に、典型的に平面的な装飾を備えた、特徴的な表現主義様式を展開するようになりました。1897年にはキュンストラーハウス(芸術家の家)から脱退し、ウィーン分離派の創設に参加したことは、芸術の世界では国家的な規範に対する挑戦でした。クリムトの快楽主義的なライフスタイルは、特に豪華な晩餐にも現れていて伝説となっています。また、上流階級の女性との数多の愛人関係を巡っては、今日まで様々な憶測が語られています。

    グスタフ・クリムトの足跡を追って

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